Infection is reported to be symptomatic in 18% of cases only. When symptomatic, Zika virus infection usually presents an influenza-like syndrome, often mistaken for other arboviral infections like dengue or chikungunya.
1. A low-grade fever (between 37.8 c and 38.5 c.
2. Anthralgia, pain most notably in the small joints
3. Myalgia, pain in the muscles of the body
5. Non-purulent conjunctivitis (pink eye without the sticky substance
6. Retroocular headaches or headaches originating from behind the eyes.
7. Cutaneous maculopapular rash, flat red areas on the skin
8. Digestive troubles (abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation,)
9. Aphthaea, small ulcer occurring in groups in the mouth or on the tongue
10. Pruritus, severe itching of the skin
11. Oedema, swelling in lower limbs
12. Weakness and loss of appetite
Very few people show any symptoms of the Zika Virus, it is estimated that only about 25% of people infected will show any symptoms of the Zika Virus. Pregnant women must try to avoid areas with Zika Virus outbreaks during their pregnancy or if they are trying to get pregnant.
Women are also advised to use precautions or abstain from sex if their partners develops symptoms of the Zika Virus. The Zika Virus has been linked to severe fetal brain growth defects including Microcephaly which causes a shrinkage in the brain of babies. Currently there is no cure for the Zika Virus.